In the realm of software development, the term “Shift Left” refers to a change in the testing paradigm. Traditionally, software testing was often a phase that occurred towards the end of the development cycle. However, with the Shift Left approach, testing activities are moved earlier in the development process. This approach is akin to preparing well in advance for an exam, rather than cramming the night before.
The Philosophy of Shift Left
Preventing Rather Than Detecting Bugs
A key tenet of the Shift Left approach is the emphasis on preventing bugs rather than merely detecting them post-development. This preventative focus is similar to a doctor focusing on promoting healthy lifestyles to prevent diseases, rather than just treating them after they occur. By integrating testing early and often, potential defects are addressed before they grow into larger problems, reducing the cost and effort of fixing them later.
Continuous Testing Throughout the Development Life Cycle
Shift Left advocates for continuous testing throughout the software development lifecycle. This approach is analogous to a chef tasting their dish at every stage of cooking, adjusting the seasoning as they go, rather than waiting until the end to taste and adjust.
Collaboration Between Product Owner, Developers and Testers
Shift Left encourages closer collaboration between developers and testers. This collaboration can be compared to a relay race where runners pass the baton smoothly to one another, rather than a series of disconnected sprints. Testers get involved right from the requirements gathering and design phases, ensuring that the product is built with testability in mind.
Benefits of Shift Left Testing
- Early Error Detection: Error are detected and fixed early in the development cycle, which can significantly reduce the cost and time required for fixing them later. Not implementing a shift left approach squeezes testing time at the end of the lifecycle and burdens testers with limited regression testing time.
- Improved Quality: With continuous testing, the overall quality of the software improves as issues are addressed systematically throughout the development process.
- Enhanced Collaboration: Enhanced collaboration between product owners, developers and testers leads to a more cohesive scrum team and a better understanding of the project goals and challenges.
- Reduced Time to Market: Since major bugs are caught early, there’s a reduction in the time taken to go from development to testing to prod deployment.
- Increased Tester Satisfaction: Delivering a high-quality ‘testable’ product that meets testers’ needs reducing significant pre-testing blockers, leading to happy testing team and ultimately your product owner (and other stakeholders).
Implementing Shift Left in Practice
- Embedding Testers in Development Teams: Testers should be part of the development team from the outset, participating in planning, design discussions, and code reviews. This has been my favorite Shift Left approach in my recent testing assignments. Asking right questions, specially related to the testability aspect of the code changes reveals many incorrect assumptions. This saves headaches later in the testing phase. Get your testing team involved in the early stages of product concept discussion.
- Automated Testing: Automated regression testing tools, play a crucial role in enabling frequent and efficient testing throughout the development cycle.
- Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD): Implementing CI/CD pipelines ensures that new code changes are automatically tested, providing immediate feedback to developers.
- Test-Driven Development (TDD): In TDD, developers write tests for new features before writing the code itself. This ensures that code is built with testing in mind and meets the specified requirements from the start.
- Performance and Security Testing from the Start: Including performance and security testing in the early stages of development ensures these critical aspects are not afterthoughts.
The Shift Left approach in software testing is a proactive strategy focused on preventing defects rather than reacting to them. It emphasizes early testing, continuous collaboration, and leveraging automated tools. By adopting this approach, organizations can improve the quality of their software, reduce development time, and increase overall customer satisfaction.